Vol16 No.4: 935-943
【Title】Application of transparent soil model tests to study the soil-rock interfacial sliding mechanism
【Author】WANG Zhuang1; LI Chi1,2*; DING Xuan-ming2
【Addresses】1 Department of Civil Engineering, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Huhhot 010051, China; 2 Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
【Corresponding author】LI Chi
【Citation】Wang Z, Li C, Ding XM (2019) Application of transparent soil model tests to study the soil-rock interfacial sliding mechanism. Journal of Mountain Science 16(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-5083-2
【Abstract】Whentransparent soil technology is used to study the displacement of a slope, the internal deformation of the slope can be visualized. We studied the sliding mechanism of the soil-rock slope by using transparent soil technology and considering the influence of the rock mass Barton joint roughness coefficient, angle of the soil mass, angle of the rock mass and soil thickness factors on slope stability. We obtained the deformation characteristics of the soil and rock slope with particle image velocimetry and the laser speckle technique. The test analysis shows that the slope sliding can be divided into three parts: displacements at the top, the middle, and the bottom of the slope; the decrease in the rock mass Barton joint roughness coefficient, and the increase in soil thickness, angles of the rock mass and soil mass lead to larger sliding displacements. Furthermore, we analyzed the different angles between the rock mass and soil thickness. The test result shows that the displacement of slope increases with larger angle of the rock mass. Conclusively, all these results can help to explain the soil-rock interfacial sliding mechanism.
【Keywords】Slope engineering; Transparent soil; Model test; Interfacial sliding mechanism