Impact of land cover change on land surface temperature: A case study of Spiti Valley Impact of land cover change on land surface temperature: A case study of Spiti Valley

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Vol15 No.8: 1658-1670

Title】Impact of land cover change on land surface temperature: A case study of Spiti Valley

Author】KUMAR Pankaj1; HUSAIN Arif1*; SINGH Ram Babu1; KUMAR Manish2

Addresses】1 Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India; 2 Department of Geography, Kalindi College, University of Delhi, Delhi 110008, India

Corresponding author】HUSAIN Arif

Citation】Kumar P, Husain A, Singh RB, et al. (2018) Impact of land cover change on land surface temperature: a case study of Spiti Valley. Journal of Mountain Science 15(8). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4902-9

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-018-4902-9

Abstract】Land surface temperature (LST) is the skin temperature of the earth surface. LST depends on the amount of sunlight received by any geographical area. Apart from sun light, LST is also affected by the land cover, which leads to change in land surface temperature. Impact of land cover change (LCC) on LST has been assessed using Landsat TM 5, Landsat 8 TIRS/OLI and Digital Elevation Model (ASTER) for Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh, India. In the present study, Spiti valley was divided into three altitudinal zones to check the pattern of changing land cover along different altitudes and LST was calculated for all the four land cover categories extracted from remote sensing data for the years of 1990 and 2015. Matrix table was used as a technique to evaluate the land cover change between two different years. Matrix table shows that as a whole, about 2,151,647 ha (30%) area of Spiti valley experienced change in land cover in the last 25 years. The result also shows vegetation and water bodies increased by 107,560.2 ha (605.87%) and 45 ha (0.98%), respectively. Snow cover and barren land decreased by 19,016.5 ha (23.92%) and 88,589 (14.14%), during the study period. A significant increase has been noticed in vegetation amongst all land cover types. Minimum, maximum and mean LST for three altitudinal zones have been calculated. The mean LST recorded was 11°C in 1990 but it rose by 2°C and reached to 13°C in 2015. Changes in LST were obtained for each land cover categories. The mean temperature of different land cover types was calculated by averaging value of all pixels of a given land cover types. The mean LST of vegetation, barren land, snow cover and water body increased by 6°C, 9°C, 1°C, and 7°C, respectively. Further, relationships between LST, Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI), and Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) were established using Linear Regression.

Keywords】Land surface temperature; Land cover change; Normalised difference snow index; Normalised Difference Vegetation Index; DEM; Remote Sensing; GIS; Linear Regression