Status and outlook of hiking trails in the central part of the Low Tatra Mountains in Slovakia between 1980–1981 and 2013–2014 Status and outlook of hiking trails in the central part of the Low Tatra Mountains in Slovakia between 1980–1981 and 2013–2014

最小化 最大化

Vol15 No.8: 1615-1632

Title】Status and outlook of hiking trails in the central part of the Low Tatra Mountains in Slovakia between 1980–1981 and 2013–2014

Author】HrnčiarováTatiana1; KenderessyPavol1*; ŠpulerováJana1; VlachovičováMiriam1; PiscováVeronika2; DobrovodskáMarta1

Addresses】1 Institute of Landscape Ecology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Stefanikova 3, P. O. Box 254, 814 99 Bratislava, Slovak Republic; 2 Institute of Landscape Ecology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Branch Nitra, P. O. Box 22, Akademicka 2, 949 01 Nitra, Slovak Republic

Corresponding author】KENDERESSY Pavol

Citation】Hrnčiarová T, Kenderessy P, Špulerová J, et al. (2018) Status and outlook of hiking trails in the central part of the Low Tatra Mountains in Slovakia between 1980–1981 and 2013–2014. Journal of Mountain Science 15(8). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4690-3

DOI】https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4690-3

Abstract】This study presents a methodology for assessment of the condition of hiking trails (HTs) and their impact zones in the central part of the Low Tatra mountain range, based on comparison of two complex data sets gathered in 33 years apart. The first field investigation was performed in 1980 and 1981, and the second in 2013 and 2014. The main goal was to perform a landscape typology in order to assess the susceptibility of landscape complexes to occurrence of anthropogenic and natural destruction processes and to assess the condition and prospects of HTs and their impacts on the adjacent alpine environment. Landscape complexes were characterised by selected abiotic, biotic and technical parameters of HTs and their impact zones. Due to the high variability of these parameters over the length of the HTs, we had to decide on how to map them. This was done using a square grid with 100 m-sized cells. For each cell with HT, the parameters were assigned the typical value within that cell. In total, 26.3 km of HT were studied, stretching over 266 grid cells. On comparison of the two data sets, it was seen that, 64% (171 grid cells) display a generally positive condition, with 54% (143 grid cells) even exhibiting significant improvement or continuously positive state of their condition. 36% (95 grid cells) were in bad condition, including 3% (9 grid cells) whose state had deteriorated, and 2% (6 grid cells) whose state had significantly deteriorated, in the time between the two assessments.

Keywords】Hiking trails; Degradation; Tourist pressure; Monitoring hiking trail changes; Low Tatras Mountains; Slovakia